For my theologically interested friends. If you think Martin Luther just appeared out of nowhere recovering the Bible, then this teaching by a Gordon-Conwell prof on William of Ockham will help you see Luther as a further development of the biblical/theological ferment already at work in his time. Ockham provided a philosophical critique of Roman Catholic scholasticism that gave, in his view, too large a place for reason and philosophy.
“Ockhamites” grew in number and influence, spawning a back to the bible movement within the RC church. This video explores the philosophical cracks in the RC synthesis between faith and reason in the Middle Ages that eventually made room for the Reformation.
Luther was not just a Bible reader but a student of Ockham Nominalism.