Ayaan Hirsi Ali has published a very helpful Op-Ed piece in the Boston Globe taken from her new book coming out. She distinguishes between Mecca Muslims and Medina Muslims, a most helpful approach. Mecca Muslims identify with Mohammad’s first years when Islam was without political and military power, a more spiritual message, as it were. Medina Islam comes after Mohammad moved to Medina and became a political leader with the force of arms. If you read the Qur’an, these are clearly two distinct phases and messages. Of course, there is a third group, Reformist Muslims who insist that Islam has to come into the modern age.
I teach another class in World Religions beginning next week. This article will prove helpful.