The search for a spiritual “automatic”

Many of the paradigms offered to us on the spiritual life flirt with “the automatic.” By this I mean the hope for that something which will make the Christian life “work” without the awfulness of moral struggle and dramatic choice.

Can there be such a thing? I think not. We never are dismissed from choosing, exercising our free will for the good, the true and the beautiful. And we are never exempted from consequences of choices.  What we are offered is the company of Christ, not a free pass from the human condition.

Surely we are given God’s help. “No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it.” (1Co 10:13) In this text we are assured of several things. One, we do not cease to be human and go through what humans go through. Get use to it! We are tempted. Two, temptation is beatable. There is no fatal determinism that forces you to fail. Three, there is always a way through. In the moral realm, there are no dead ends. Four, humans can persevere. At the end of the day, there is no fault in God or in his provisions.

But this verse, and others like it, can in the hands of some preachers, seem to teach that there is some place to go where victory is simply automatic, something that is a “get out of Gethsemane free” card that we can just lay on the table when things get really hard.

Four things works against this view. First, the Bible itself. When all of the Bible is taken together, we have a more complex view of salvation. It is easy and tempting to make one verse stand for the whole of the Christian life. But if one takes seriously the analogy of faith, that Scripture interprets Scripture, we cannot reduce the whole to a single verse which teaches the whole. It takes a whole Bible to form the whole of the spiritual life.

Second, the teaching of the Church through twenty centuries does not see such a possibility as we wish for. What TV preachers and popularizers can present as so plain has not been so plain to the breadth of the church immersed in Holy Scripture for two millennia. Wise brothers and sisters, good, discerning, tried and tested, from many times and cultures and circumstance, do not attest to anything like an automatic, a once for all formula that has proven over time to be reliable. Flee from preachers who have “the key” to the Christian life.

Third, reason itself militates against such a teaching. It does not pass the “this makes sense” test. This is not as if reason must stand in judgment over the Bible. But reason that believingly engages the Bible must conclude that what our untrained spirits long for, relief from a true testing, will not be ours in this life. We will never lose the ability to embarrass ourselves. All available evidence reasonably weighed suggests otherwise.

Fourth, Christian experience does not validate it. It has been found to be profoundly inhuman to expect humans not to act, well, humanly, redeemed though they be. The Bible never says to expect to sin. But it does say “when we do sin,” and that those who say that they are without sin oppose Christ and are liars.

A philosophy of Perfectionism is in this life an enemy of spiritual formation. It spins a tale that we can in some way find a doorway into the automatic and short-circuits the necessary preparations for spiritual combat. Perhaps the teaching of John Wesley has some fault here in his assertion of a life of “perfect love.” While he did not claim that such a life was his, he held it out as an aspiration that was not simply a wish but a real thing to be had. Church history traces how this “higher life” teaching evolved into holiness movements, developing into the charismatic/Pentecostal churches of today. It is of the essence of some of these churches to teach a higher life that one can enter into through an act, an experience, a crisis coming of the Holy Spirit. While I affirm that there are such experiences that launch the Christian onto new plateaus of consecrated and happy living, I deny that these experiences in any way bring to the Christian a relief from the perspiration of moral struggle. There is strengthening and renewal, oasis moments of relief that build strength. But soon we must mount and ride out into the harshness of the wilderness to test our faith.

Is this a depressing view of the Christian life? I think not. It is a view that readies me for a life of training, not trying. We train for holiness, righteousness, and godliness. There is a world of difference. Those who simply try hope for an abracadabra that will get them through. But those who see themselves in training do not waste time praying to get out testing but preparing to get through it. What matters in the long run is a long obedience in the same direction.

And so the Christian takes causes and means seriously. Holiness is not something we directly get. We practice what produces holiness and tends to holiness. We don’t just speak words and change the world as it is, as some word of faith teachers propound. Nor do we put on our positive thinking cap as if all is mind over matter. We face, fight, tremble, seek, obey, pray, fast, attend to the faithful preaching of God’s Word, ask for spiritual direction, share with others the Lord’s Supper, serve the lowly and left behind, love the near, give and do not hoard, think much of eternity and little of the things of earth and say in a thousand ways and in a thousand situations, “not my will but thine be done.”

The ready Christian realizes that his biggest failure might still lie ahead of him. He reads the warning passages of Hebrews as spoken to him, the realization that apostasy is not something that just happens to someone else. He understand that the sin nature lies deep and is under no illusion that he has passed over to Canaan’s full rest.

This understanding not only releases us from the bondage to perfectionism, it brings to us a steady compassion toward others who are not faring so well in the battle. We intuitively understand casualties. Real Christians really fall. We do not shoot our wounded. We make allowances. While not allowing defiance of God to run loose in the church, we give people room to understand, grow and change, get it wrong, and then get get it wrong again.

The spread of recovery ministries such as Celebrate Recovery would make more of a difference if they were seen as models of Christian growth for the whole church. Their emphasis on working our recovery every day and being faithful to our disciplines comes as close to a model for Christian living as any I have found. Seeking keys and formulas keep alcoholics alcoholics and addicts addicts. Being good stewards of the new creation begun in Christ so that He is given room to be all is the thing itself.


“The Windhover: to Christ our Lord” by Gerard Manley Hopkins, S.J.

“The Windhover: to Christ our Lord” by Gerard Manley Hopkins, S.J.

I caught this morning morning’s minion, king-
dom of daylight’s dauphin, dapple-dawn-drawn
Falcon, in his riding
Of the rolling level underneath him steady air,
and striding
High there, how he rung upon the rein of a wimpling wing
In his ecstasy! Then off, off forth on swing,
As a skate’s heel sweeps smooth on a bow-bend: the hurl and gliding
Rebuffed the big wind. My heart in hiding
Stirred for a bird, — the achieve of, the mastery of the thing!

Brute beauty and valour and act, oh, air, pride, plume, here
Buckle! And the fire that breaks from thee then, a billion
Times told lovelier, more dangerous, O my chevalier!

No wonder of it: sheer plod makes plough down sillion
Shine, and blue-bleak embers, ah my dear,
Fall, gall themselves, and gash gold-vermillion.

Mitchell Kalpakgian comments about this poem:

At this moment it is worth remembering one of the finest English efforts at honoring the glory, majesty, sovereignty, authority, liberality, and magnanimity of the King of Kings and Lord of Lords — “The Windhover: to Christ our Lord” by Gerard Manley Hopkins, S.J. In Hopkins’ poem the image of the mighty Windhover reigning in his domain of the sky, its flight in the glory of the luminous dawn (“this morning morning’s minion of daylight’s dauphin”), and the sheer awe-inspiring sublimity of its greatness (‘the achieve of, the mastery of the thing!”) amid the forceful winds evoke the power and the glory of kingship its all its splendor, royalty, and divinity.  Christ the King moves and acts in His dominion — all of Nature and Creation — with the same all-powerful, all-encompassing regality that the windhover’s flight encircles in the beautiful grace of its movements.

The poem, subtitled “To Christ our Lord,” compares Christ’s actions and movements in the world to the mastery, strength, beauty, and finesse of the falcon and the skater whose unerring motions and sure sense of direction beautify creation and glorify God.  Christ is a king, his power is astonishing, his miracles manifest his greatness, and he radiates light and expresses the glory and grandeur of God always and everywhere.  Christ can walk on water, multiply the loaves and the fish, raise Lazarus from the dead, cure the blind, change water into wine, and transform bread and wine into the spiritual food of the body and blood of the Lord.  Like the falcon who rises and falls, ascending with the short quick movements captured in the opening line and then collapsing its wings in its descent that the word “Buckle!” expresses, Christ too moves from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven, from life to death, from death to life, from human existence to a heavenly ascension, from the tomb to the upper room to the road to Emmaus — movements that are as daring, creative, and spectacular as the displays of the windhover’s dramatic movements and the skater’s dazzling turns.

A website devoted to “definite atonement”

This website has been developed in service to a new book to be published on Nov 30, titled From Heaven He Came and Sought Her: Definite Atonement in Historical, Biblical, Theological, and Pastoral Perspective.  John Piper, of course, does the honors of featured spokesman.

“Definite atonement” is becoming the more popular way of saying “limited atonement.” This is the teaching that Christ did not die for all the sins of all the world, but only for the sins of those elected to salvation. It is the “L” in the acrostic TULIP – Total Depravity, Unconditional Election, Irresistible Grace, and Perseverance of the Saints, all characteristic of that system of doctrine known today as Calvinism.

Even in the days when I considered myself Calvinistical, I could not bring myself to espouse this statement about Christ’s death. There have been many like this, four point Calvinists, as it were. There are surely biblical texts cited in support of this interpretation of Holy Scripture, as there are with all assertions of biblical doctrine by any school of theology. But I believe a systematic theology that takes into account the whole of the Bible cannot support the view that Jesus’ death on the cross was for the few rather than the many, the lesser rather than the greater, the part rather than the whole.

So, as you may guess, I do not believe the U, L, I of the TULIP.  We are not unconditionally elect but elect based on the condition of faith, nor are we irresistibly drawn to Christ but are given the free choice of which road at the fork to choose. Through Christ’s death all have been so enlivened that the power of choice is thus given and the free offer of the Gospel is really free. There is moral drama in the offer of the Gospel and not just the outworking of the predetermined machine operations of election.

I have come to believe that the warning passages of Hebrews are real choices, as well, and that a man may lose his justification through apostasy, the conscious decision to turn away from the grace of Christ. It would be impossible for me to believe that we have a whole book of the Bible posing hypothetical warnings about something that cannot happen to a true Christian at all. Men who have been truly converted to Christ can and do walk away from Christ. That they were not Christians at all does not have explanatory power to me.

Yes, there is a real heaven to gain and a real Hell to shun. The moral drama of life is not a pretend sham, just a working out of something predetermined. Men and women may be really lost and really saved. Today is the day of salvation. “Awake, O sleeper, and arise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you.” Ephesians 5:4